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Created 2018-01-13
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Description – as World TB Day is observedSome 17,000 people in the Americas died of Tuberculosis (TB) complications in 2013. These were among the more than 285,Cheap NFL Jerseys,000 infected with TB.This is according to the Pan American Health Organisation/World Health Organisation (PAHO/WHO) which has declared that 31,800 people with HIV developed Tuberculosis.Countries in the Americas, PAHO/WHO has noted, reported 220,500 new cases of TB in 2013 of which 5.3 per cent (11,379) were children.Accounting for the largest proportions of the Region¡¯s cases were Brazil with 33 per cent, Peru with 13 per cent, Mexico with 8.8 per cent and Haiti 7.4 per cent.A total of 6,900 of these people became ill with multi-resistant TB.However, PAHO/WHO has observed that an estimated 65,000 people in the Americas have TB but have not been diagnosed. In 2012, 75 per cent of reported cases were successfully treated,Wholesale NFL Jerseys, and 69 per cent of these were tested for HIV.In fact PAHO/WHO has concluded that although there continues to be significant progress in reducing the burden of TB, along with HIV/AIDS, it continues to be one of the region¡¯s leading infectious causes of death.These disclosures come even as the world over celebrates World Tuberculosis Day which is commemorated on March 24 annually.PAHO/WHO in a release yesterday said that it is calling on countries in the Americas to step up efforts to detect and treat people with TB in order to bring the epidemic to an end in the Region by 2030.¡°Ending the tuberculosis epidemic will require bold policies and supportive health systems in the context of universal health coverage, to ensure that no one lacks access to early diagnosis or the treatment they need,¡± said Dr Mirtha del Granado, PAHO/WHO Advisor on TB. ¡°Only this way will we be able to put an end to TB.¡±WHO¡¯s ¡°End TB¡± strategy, approved by WHO member governments during the World Health Assembly last year, centers on three action areas: patient-centered care, development of policies and systems for prevention and care, and research and innovation to help accelerate TB elimination.The strategy sets the ambitious goals of reducing TB deaths by 95 per cent by 2035 and reducing cases by 90 per cent. It also sets the goal of eliminating catastrophic costs for TB patients and their families over the next five years.Between 1990 and 2013,NFL Jerseys China, deaths from TB declined 63 per cent in the Americas, thanks largely to the implementation of PAHO/WHO¡¯s ¡°Stop TB¡± strategy, which is based on directly observed therapy ¨C short course (DOTS), measures to address multi-resistant (MDR) TB and co-infections of TB and HIV, and involving all healthcare providers and communities in implementing the strategy.But according to PAHO/WHO, despite that progress, the region continues to face challenges including an estimated 65,000 undiagnosed TB cases, the spread of multi-resistant TB, the appearance of extensively resistant TB, and the development of TB in people with HIV.In 2013, TB incidence in the region was 29 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. ¡°Ending TB¡±¡ªthat is, eliminating it as a public health problem¡ªwould require reducing TB incidence to below 10 cases per 100,000.But according to PAHO/WHO, the burden of TB varies across the countries of the Americas, with the epidemic concentrated in vulnerable populations in large cities,Cheap NFL Jerseys China, especially in marginal neighborhoods with overcrowded living conditions, poor water and sanitation services, and limited access to health care.However, with support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), PAHO/WHO is implementing an initiative to control TB in large cities of the Americas, which aims to ensure early detection of people with TB to accelerate reduction of the disease. The initiative promotes coordination between local political and health officials and involves actions across sectors,Nike NFL Jerseys China, including education, social protection, urban development and health.? The initiative is currently being implemented in Lima, Peru; Bogot¨¢, Colombia; Guaruhlos,Wholesale Authentic Jerseys, Brazil; Montevideo, Uruguay; Guatemala City, Guatemala; and Tijuana, Mexico; and is starting in Asunci¨®n, Paraguay.World TB Day, observed on March 24, marks the day in 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB. The discovery set the stage for successful diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
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